I would like to get his book and read it for the info. But with all due respect to both he and you, Larrin, they have experimentally seen the carbon nanotubes inside the steel matrix. Infact,I could show you proof/evidence. It is metallofullerene and it was patented years ago by a man named Robert Job.
https://www.prnewswire.com/news-release ... 70098.html
It is called Rhondite.
"Rhondite is a nano-scale helical carbon-based structure created by Robert Job that may be used in the production of steels and alloys to increase hardness, strength, ductility, and wear resistance. Each helix is actually made up of small spheres called buckyballs or fullerenes.
Each fullerene sphere contains metallic atoms inside of the carbon cage; and as such have created a subset known as metallofullerenes. It is the chaining and winding of the metallofullerenes into their natural shapes that produces the unique Rhondidic structure.
Rhonditic steels contain about 0.35 to 2.25 percent carbon by weight. They are formed by mixing a high carbon and low carbon steel, such that the mixture as a whole has the desired carbon content. The mixture is then heated to a temperature at which the high carbon steel will melt, but kept below the melting point of the low carbon steel (~2750 F). The mixture is slightly cooled then maintained for time sufficient for the carbon present to form fullerenes and fullerene chains (approximately 15 minutes), and finally allowed to cool to room temperature.
Used as an additive
Takes the place of free carbon
Chemically similar to standard metals
Increases strength without tempering or quenching
Named after Robert Job's wife
Here is an excellent article on this:
https://web.archive.org/web/20090628180 ... apr99.html
Verhoeven's problem seems to be that he thinks that the carbon nanotubes do not add any special properties to the steel, because he clearly admits they are there. He cannot deny their existence. Some metallurgists as well as specialized physicists doubt this because they think carbon nanotubes can only be produced in high energy laser furnaces or electrical arcs and not in steel melts. Job has shown otherwise.
Job has shown actual photomicrographs of the carbon nanotubes/buckywires in there.
It makes perfect sense. The nanotubes act as microscopic diamond teeth that adhere to the matrix and that is how the sword edges cut so well.